submitted by YFDAIFinance to u/YFDAIFinance [link] [comments]
Over the course of mere months, the DeFi space has grown to the tune of billions in 2020. While DeFi has earned its title as the next hottest crypto trend, its popularity has shown to be a double-edged sword. Reports of scams and “rug pulls” have volleyed into crypto news outlets, social media, and discussion groups, damaging the reputation of the DeFi space.
DeFi is unique in that the tenets of trust and decentralization has normalized the practice of anonymity to the point where nearly every single DeFi team launches anonymously. While the freedom to create DeFi tools does support the notion that anyone should be able to create an honest financial protocol for the goodwill of the people, the opposite effect often occurs. If the past few months has proven anything, it’s that the normalization of anonymity has acted as both the greatest weapon and the greatest defence for fraudulent actors and dishonest entities. Because of this, DeFi is often seen as a free-for-all minefield as countless exit scams and “rugpulls” have become the norm. Having this as an accepted vice of DeFi shouldn’t mean investors should normalize risk of losses. It should inspire projects to set a higher standard in the DeFi space.
We are excited to announce that the YFDAI team has taken the tenets of decentralized finance and expanded on them. As a DeFi protocol, we champion decentralization and the collective action of the community to pave the road towards true transparency and security for all. After countless hours of legal counseling, we’re proud to announce that we will be among the very few DeFi projects to go public and among the first to set a new precedent for the DeFi space.
Say hello to the YFDAI team.
Meet Pritha Paul (Olivia) — Chief Strategic — Volunteer
Olivia is both a software engineer and a Businesswoman. Having been an avid fan of blockchain and trader of cryptocurrencies, Olivia felt the need to contribute her expertise to the cryptocurrency space. This desire prompted her to create YFDAI, one of DeFi’s most secure and trusted protocols. Seeing the cryptocurrency space as a professional programmer, Olivia knows the importance of making a clean and secure DeFi protocol.
With the rate of fraudulent projects ascending contemporaneously with the rise of DeFi, Olivia knew it was crucial to have a trusted and well-secured protocol that can guide as an example for other projects to follow. Along with this idea, Olivia felt that for DeFi to reach its highest potential, there needed to be an ecosystem that protects investors and supports DeFi projects looking to bring real value to the space. With this in mind, Olivia came up with YFDAI’s signature SafeSwap and LaunchPad platforms.
Olivia has a number of qualifications and holds a bachelor’s in Computer Applications. Some of her advanced programming languages include: C, C++, JAVA, Python, Oracle.
Meet Tapas Paul (Rocky) — Lead Dev — Volunteer
Doubling as a software developer and website designer, Tapas carries ample experience in web development and design. Having been familiar with cryptocurrencies for years, his initial descent into the space came in the golden year of 2017. Since then, Tapas has been engaged in crypto and felt the need to create a truly honest and secure DeFi platform together with Pritha. Tapas’s vast expertise in web development and blockchain gives YFDAI an edge in becoming one of the top DeFi protocols in the space.
Tapas has a diverse range of tech experience that range from creating web applications and front-end designs for various startups to working as a senior blockchain developer for distributed solidity systems for complicated DAPPs. Since then, Tapas has provided Ethereum and TRON consulting to multiple blockchain startups entering the space.
Meet Ankit Ruthala (Thore) — Chief Business Development — Volunteer
Thore carries a Bachelor’s in Mechanical Engineering with fundamental engineering and dynamics experience. He has extensive background experience in both engineering and blockchain development. With the ever-increasing level of innovation that is occurring in the blockchain and cryptocurrency space, Thore felt the need to contribute his own knowledge and expertise to the field. Thore’s extensive experience in the field is projected into the YFDAI project with the end-user in mind. Being proficient in both blockchain literacy and technical analyses, Thore understands the cryptocurrency space from both a developer and investor perspective.
Meet Wesley — Security Consultant — Volunteer
Wesley specializes in Infrastructure and security management with a background in economics. Having been involved in the cryptocurrency scene for over three years, Wesley has had ample exposure to the world of blockchain and cryptocurrencies. Since 2017, Wesley has worked as an agent for BTC Direct and in Binance community management.
Meet Cristian- Graphic Designer — Volunteer
Despite his previous work experience as a computer programmer, Cristian found his niche excelling in graphic design and maximizing brand identity. After winning over 400 graphic design competitions, Cristian now works as a dedicated graphic designer. Living by the mantra of “every profession is an act of service”, Cristian’s passion is manifested through his works in design, brand awareness, and customer satisfaction.
Meet Cris Content Writer — Volunteer
Cris first began his cryptocurrency journey in the summer of 2017. Since then, he has been obsessed with everything cryptocurrency and blockchain related. After being featured on a series of cryptocurrency publications on Medium, Cris found his way into writing and managing a variety of cryptocurrency startups. Cris now continues pursuing his passion in cryptocurrency while balancing life as a university student.
Meet Christof Waton — Business Development Consultant — Volunteer
Christof currently holds a bachelor’s in data communication and is currently completing his masters in Digital Currencies. His initial descent into cryptocurrencies came when he first bought Bitcoin in 2014. Since then, Christof has led his professional career in a variety of fields in and out of the crypto space. Within the crypto space, Christof has held positions as chief business development officer for both ExMarkets and CoinMargin. Outside of the crypto space Christof led as a consultant for both Dubai Hills Fund and Verifo, an e-money institution. After years of experience in both the financial and crypto industry, Christof has experienced cryptocurrency through the lens of a professional, investor, and an enthusiast.
Meet Philip Dow — Head Advisor — Volunteer
Phil operates as a strategic executive with a high-level background in project management, business development, and marketing. Phil first brought his expertise to the cryptocurrency field in 2016. Phil carries a wealth of knowledge as his years in crypto garnered him key connections with a variety of different cryptocurrency partners ranging from, developers, project CEOs, and marketing.
For the past 4 years Phil has brought coverage to a multitude of different blockchain companies, each offering unique expertise and applications in a wide variety of fields.
Now that the team identities have been released this dispels the “Elephant in the room”. The fact that the team chose to become non-anon opens up many doors that would otherwise be closed. The specifics of those opportunities will be made clear in the upcoming whitepaper and future announcements.
Even though the names and faces of the founders behind the project have been revealed, please note that there are many people who are working on the YFDAI project on a contractual basis and volunteer basis who have not been included in the disclosure. There are experts and advisors in the fields of business development, economics, law, and other areas vital to any business that play a major role in the success of YFDAI and who share the vision of the founders to clean up the DeFi space and offer a safe, reliable, and secure suite of DeFi products to the public.
While the team behind a crypto project is vital, the ultimate success of any DeFi project relies on the technology, the code, and the community. YFDAI’s technology and code have been designed to be bulletproof in order to maximize the safety and security for the end user. In the not too distant future, YFDAI’s business model envisions the everyday decisions to ultimately be made by you, the community, by way of the DAO as governance is turned over to the token holders.
To ensure we are operating as securely and compliantly as possible YFDAI has been incorporated as a Technology business in Singapore:
Company Name — Tejster Technologies PTE. LTD. Registration No — 202031933C Address — 50,Raffles Place,#37–00,Singapore Land Tower, Singapore (048623)
To finalise the compliance aspect YFDAI is in the process of obtaining full Financial Services regulation by means of receiving compliance and registration in the Republic of Estonia.
This will be a two stage process with an initial Virtual Currency Exchange and E-Wallet licence currently being sought. YDFAI’s legal representatives have moved this to an advanced stage and expect this to be finalized in Q4 2020. It is at this point that the team shall resume their full job titles and the term “Volunteer” will no longer be required.
The licenses will open up a plethora of opportunities which will be fully detailed in our soon to be released whitepaper and will also provide YFDAI with a level of accreditation that will provide users with full peace of mind.
Once YFDAI secures the Financial Services accreditation listed above, YFDAI will have full insurance coverage of the project’s financial holdings and transactions, including project wallets and user funds.
Thank you for your support and we look forward to setting a new standard of self regulation that will revolutionize the DeFI arena and level the playing field for all participants while minimizing the fraud and desecration of the bad actors who have infiltrated the DeFi space.
- YFDAI Team
Visit us on our website and chat with us on Telegram!
Telegram Community: https://t.me/yfdaifinance
Telegram Announcements: https://t.me/yfdai
When we were a much smaller society, people could trade in the community pretty easily, but as the distance in our trade grew, we ended up inventing institutions such as banks, markets, stocks etc. that help us to conduct financial transactions. The currencies we are operating with nowadays are bills or coins, controlled by a centralized authority and tracked by previously mentioned financial institutions. The thing is, having a third party in our money transactions is not always what we wish for. But fortunately, today we have a tool that allows us to make fast and save financial transactions without any middlemen, it has no central authority and it is regulated by math. Sounds cool, right? Cryptocurrency is this tool. It is quite a peculiar system, so let’s take a closer look at it.submitted by Stealthex_io to StealthEX [link] [comments]
Layers of a crypto-cake
Layer 1: BlockchainFirst of all – any cryptocurrency is based on the blockchain. In simple words, blockchain is a kind of a database. It stores information in batches, called blocks that are linked together in a chronological way. As the blockchain is not located in one place but rather on thousands of computers around the globe, the blockchain and the transactions thus are decentralized, they have no head center. The newest blocks of transaction are continuously added on (or changed) to all the previous blocks. That’s how you get a cryptocurrency blockchain.
The technology’s name is a compound of the words “block” and “chain”, as the “blocks” of information are linked together in a “chain”. That’s how crypto security works – the information in the recently created block depends on the previous one. It means that no block can be changed without affecting the others, this system prevents a blockchain from being hacked.
There are 2 kinds of blockchain: private and public. Public, as goes by its name, is publicly available blockchain, whereas private blockchain is permissioned, which only a limited number of people have access to.
Layer 2: TransactionIn fact, everything begins with the intention of someone to complete a transaction. A transaction itself is a file that consists of the sender’s and recipient’s public keys (wallet addresses) and the amount of coins transferred. The sender begins by logging in into his cryptocurrency wallet with the private key – a unique combination of letters and numbers, something you would call a personal password in a bank. Now the transaction is signed and the first step which is called basic public key cryptography is completed.
Then the signed (encrypted) transaction is shared with everyone in the cryptocurrency network, meaning it gets to every other peer. We should mention that the transaction is firstly queued up to be added to the public ledger. Then, when it’s broadcasted to the public ledger, all the computers add a new transaction to a shared list of recent transactions, known as blocks.
Having a ledger forces everyone to “play fair” and reduce the risk of spending extra. The numbers of transactions are publicly available, but the information about senders and receivers is encrypted. Each transaction holds on to a unique set of keys. Whoever owns a set of keys, owns the amount of cryptocurrency associated with those keys (just like whoever owns a bank account owns the money in it). This is how peer-to-peer technology works.
Layer 3: MiningNow let’s talk about mining. Once confirmed, the transaction is forever captured into the blockchain history**.** The verification of the block is done by Cryptocurrency Miners – they verify and then add blocks to the public ledger. To verify them, miners go down on the road of solving a very difficult math puzzle using powerful software, which is that the computer needs to produce the correct sequence number – “hash” – that is specific to the given block, there is not much chance of finding it. Whoever solves the puzzle first, gets the opportunity to officially add a block of transactions to the ledger and get fresh and new coins as reward. The reward is given in whatever cryptocurrency’s blockchain miners are operating into. For example, BTC originally used to reward miners in 50 BTC, but after the first halving it decreased to 25 BTC, and at present time it is 6.25 BTC. The process of miners competing against each other in order to complete the transactions on the network and get rewarded is known as the Proof-of-Work (PoW) algorithm, which is natural for BTC and many other cryptocurrencies. Also there are another consensus mechanisms: Proof-of-Stake (PoS), Delegated Proof-of-Stake (dPoS), Proof-of-Authority (PoA), Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT), Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance (pBFT), Federated Byzantine Agreement (FBA) and Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (dBFT). Still, all of them are used to facilitate an agreement between network participants.
The way that system works – when many computers try to verify a block – guarantees that no computer is going to monopolize a cryptocurrency market. To ensure the competition stays fair, the puzzle becomes harder as more computers join in. Summing it up, let’s say that mining is responsible for two aspects of the crypto mechanism: producing the proof and allowing more coins to enter circulation.
Types of cryptocurrencyIn the virtual currency world there are a bunch of different cryptocurrency types with their own distinctive features.
The first cryptocurrency is, of course, Bitcoin. Bitcoin is the first crypto coin ever created and used. BTC is the most liquid cryptocurrency in the market and has the highest market cap among all the cryptocurrencies.
AltcoinsThe term ‘altcoins’ means ‘alternatives’ of Bitcoin. The first altcoin Namecoin was created in 2011 and later on hundreds of them appeared in crypto-world, among them are Ravencoin, Dogecoin, Litecoin, Syscoin etc. Altcoins were initially launched with a purpose to overcome Bitcoin’s weak points and become upgraded substitutes of Bitcoin. Altcoins usually stand an independent blockchain and have their own miners and wallets. Some altcoins actually have boosted features yet none of them gained popularity akin to Bitcoin. More about altcoins in our article.
TokensToken is a unit of account that is used to represent the digital balance of an asset. Basically tokens represent an asset or utility that usually are made on another blockchain. Tokens are registered in a database based on blockchain technology, and they are accessed through special applications using electronic signature schemes.
Tokens and cryptocurrencies are not the same thing. Let’s explain it more detailed:
• First of all, unlike cryptocurrencies, tokens can be issued and managed both centralized and decentralized.
• The verification of the token transactions can be conducted both centralized and decentralized, when cryptocurrencies’ verification is only decentralized.
• Tokens do not necessarily run their own blockchain, but for cryptocurrencies having their own blockchain is compulsory.
• Tokens’ prices can be affected by a vast range of factors such as demand and supply, tokens’ additional emission, or binding to other assets. On the other hand, the price of cryptocurrencies is completely regulated by the market.
Tokens can be:
• Utility tokens – something that accesses a user to a product or service and support dApps built on the blockchain.
• Governance tokens – fuel for voting systems executed on the blockchain.
• Transactional tokens – serve as a unit of accounts and used for trading.
• Security tokens – represent legal ownership of an asset, can be used in addition to or in place of a password.
Tokens are usually created through smart contracts and are often adapted to an ICO – initial coin offering, which is a means of crowdfunding. It is much easier to create tokens, that is why they make a majority of coins in existence. Altcoin and token blockchains work on the concept of smart contracts or decentralized applications, where the programmable, self-executing code is ruling the transactions within a blockchain. By the way, the vast majority of tokens were distributed on the Ethereum platform.
ForksGenerally a fork occurs when a protocol code, on which the blockchain is operating, is being changed, modified and updated by developers or users. Due to the changes, the blockchain splits into 2 paths: an old way of doing things and a new way. These changes may happen because: a disagreement between users and creators; a major hack, as it was with Ethereum; developers’ decision to fix errors and add new functionality. The blockchain mainly splits into hard forks and soft forks. Shortly speaking, coin hard forks cannot work with older versions while soft forks still can work with older versions.
Hard fork – after a hard fork, a new version is completely separated from the previous one, there’s no connection between them anymore, although the new version keeps the data of all the previous transactions but now on, each version will have its own transaction history. In order to use the new versions, every node has to upgrade their software. A hard fork requires majority support (or consensus) from coin holders with a connection to the coin network. If enough users don’t update then you will be unable to get a clean upgrade which could lead to a break in the blockchain.
Soft fork – a protocol change, but with backward compatibility. The rules of the network have been changed, but nodes running the old software will still be able to validate transactions, but those updated nodes won’t be able to mine new blocks. So to be used and useful, soft forks require the majority of the network’s hash power. Otherwise, they risk becoming set out and anyway ending up as a hard fork.
StablecoinsAs it comes from the name, stablecoins are price-stabilized that are becoming big in the crypto world. Still enjoying most of the “typical-cryptocurrency” benefits, it is standing out as a fixed and stable coin, not volatile at all. Stablecoins’ values are stabilized by pegging them to other assets such as the US Dollar or gold.
Stablecoins include Tether (USDT), Standard (PAX), Gemini Dollar (GUSD) which are backed by the US Dollar and approved by the New York State Department of Financial Services.
ConclusionNow that we hacked into cryptocurrency, you probably understand that it is much less mysterious than it first seemed. Nowadays, cryptocurrencies are making the revolution of the financial institution. For example, Bitcoin is currently used in 96 countries and growing, with more than 12,000 transactions per hour. More and more investors are involved, banks and governments realize that these cutting edge technologies are prone to draw their control away. Cryptocurrencies are slowly changing the world and you can choose – either stand beside and observe or become part of history in the making.
And remember if you need to exchange your coins StealthEX is here for you. We provide a selection of more than 300 coins and constantly updating the cryptocurrency list so that our customers will find a suitable option. Our service does not require registration and allows you to remain anonymous. Why don’t you check it out? Just go to StealthEX and follow these easy steps:
✔ Choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. For example BTC to ETH.
✔ Press the “Start exchange” button.
✔ Provide the recipient address to which the coins will be transferred.
✔ Move your cryptocurrency for the exchange.
✔ Receive your coins.
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author. Every investment and trading move involves risk. You should conduct your own research when making a decision.
Original article was posted on https://stealthex.io/blog/2020/09/29/how-does-cryptocurrency-works/
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassadorsubmitted by CoinEx_Institution to u/CoinEx_Institution [link] [comments]
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking. A “weight” is attributed to a chain based on the ranks of the leaders who propose the blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to select between competing chains. The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking blockchain is further hardened by a notarization process which dramatically improves the time to finality and eliminates the nothing-at-stake and selfish mining attacks.
DFINITY consensus algorithm is made to scale through continuous quorum selections driven by the random beacon. In practice, DFINITY achieves block times of a few seconds and transaction finality after only two confirmations. The system gracefully handles temporary losses of network synchrony including network splits, while it is provably secure under synchrony.
1.INTRODUCTIONDFINITY is building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource. The company’s platform uses blockchain technology which is aimed at building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource with unlimited capacity, performance and algorithmic governance shared by the world, with the capability to power autonomous self-updating software systems, enabling organizations to design and deploy custom-tailored cloud computing projects, thereby reducing enterprise IT system costs by 90%.
DFINITY aims to explore new territory and prove that the blockchain opportunity is far broader and deeper than anyone has hitherto realized, unlocking the opportunity with powerful new crypto.
Although a standalone project, DFINITY is not maximalist minded and is a great supporter of Ethereum.
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers: notary (provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers), blockchain (builds a blockchain from validated transactions via the Probabilistic Slot Protocol driven by the random beacon), random beacon (provides the source of randomness for all higher layers like smart contract applications), and identity (provides a registry of all clients).
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers
Figure1: DFINITY’s consensus mechanism layers
1. Identity layer:
Active participants in the DFINITY Network are called clients. Where clients are registered with permanent identities under a pseudonym. Moreover, DFINITY supports open membership by providing a protocol for registering new clients by depositing a stake with an insurance period. This is the responsibility of the first layer.
2. Random Beacon layer:
Provides the source of randomness (VRF) for all higher layers including ap- plications (smart contracts). The random beacon in the second layer is an unbiasable, verifiable random function (VRF) that is produced jointly by registered clients. Each random output of the VRF is unpredictable by anyone until just before it becomes avail- able to everyone. This is a key technology of the DFINITY system, which relies on a threshold signature scheme with the properties of uniqueness and non-interactivity.
3. Blockchain layer:
The third layer deploys the “probabilistic slot protocol” (PSP). This protocol ranks the clients for each height of the chain, in an order that is derived determin- istically from the unbiased output of the random beacon for that height. A weight is then assigned to block proposals based on the proposer’s rank such that blocks from clients at the top of the list receive a higher weight. Forks are resolved by giving favor to the “heaviest” chain in terms of accumulated block weight — quite sim- ilar to how traditional proof-of-work consensus is based on the highest accumulated amount of work.
The first advantage of the PSP protocol is that the ranking is available instantaneously, which allows for a predictable, constant block time. The second advantage is that there is always a single highest-ranked client, which allows for a homogenous network bandwidth utilization. Instead, a race between clients would favor a usage in bursts.
4. Notarization layer:
Provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers. DFINITY deploys the novel technique of block notarization in its fourth layer to speed up finality. A notarization is a threshold signature under a block created jointly by registered clients. Only notarized blocks can be included in a chain. Of all RSA-based alternatives exist but suffer from an impracticality of setting up the thresh- old keys without a trusted dealer.
DFINITY achieves its high speed and short block times exactly because notarization is not full consensus.
DFINITY does not suffer from selfish mining attack or a problem nothing at stake because the authentication step is impossible for the opponent to build and maintain a series of linked and trusted blocks in secret.
DFINITY’s consensus is designed to operate on a network of millions of clients. To en- able scalability to this extent, the random beacon and notarization protocols are designed such as that they can be safely and efficiently delegated to a committee
1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT DFINITYDFINITY is a blockchain-based cloud-computing project that aims to develop an open, public network, referred to as the “internet computer,” to host the next generation of software and data. and it is a decentralized and non-proprietary network to run the next generation of mega-applications. It dubbed this public network “Cloud 3.0”.
DFINITY is a third generation virtual blockchain network that sets out to function as an “intelligent decentralised cloud,”¹ strongly focused on delivering a viable corporate cloud solution. The DFINITY project is overseen, supported and promoted by DFINITY Stiftung a not-for-profit foundation based in Zug, Switzerland.
DFINITY is a decentralized network design whose protocols generate a reliable “virtual blockchain computer” running on top of a peer-to-peer network upon which software can be installed and can operate in the tamperproof mode of smart contracts.
DFINITY introduces algorithmic governance in the form of a “Blockchain Nervous System” that can protect users from attacks and help restart broken systems, dynamically optimize network security and efficiency, upgrade the protocol and mitigate misuse of the platform, for example by those wishing to run illegal or immoral systems.
DFINITY is an Ethereum-compatible smart contract platform that is implementing some revolutionary ideas to address blockchain performance, scaling, and governance. Whereas
DFINITY could pose a credible threat to Ethereum’s extinction, the project is pursuing a coevolutionary strategy by contributing funding and effort to Ethereum projects and freely offering their technology to Ethereum for adoption. DFINITY has labeled itself Ethereum’s “crazy sister” to express it’s close genetic resemblance to Ethereum, differentiated by its obsession with performance and neuron-inspired governance model.
Dfinity raised $61 million from Andreesen Horowitz and Polychain Capital in a February 2018 funding round. At the time, Dfinity said it wanted to create an “internet computer” to cut the costs of running cloud-based business applications. A further $102 million funding round in August 2018 brought the project’s total funding to $195 million.
In May 2018, Dfinity announced plans to distribute around $35 million worth of Dfinity tokens in an airdrop. It was part of the company’s plan to create a “Cloud 3.0.” Because of regulatory concerns, none of the tokens went to US residents.
DFINITY be broadening and strengthening the EVM ecosystem by giving applications a choice of platforms with different characteristics. However, if DFINITY succeeds in delivering a fully EVM-compatible smart contract platform with higher transaction throughput, faster confirmation times, and governance mechanisms that can resolve public disputes without causing community splits, then it will represent a clearly superior choice for deploying new applications and, as its network effects grow, an attractive place to bring existing ones. Of course the challenge for DFINITY will be to deliver on these promises while meeting the security demands of a public chain with significant value at risk.
1.1.1 DFINITY FUTURE
1.1.2 DFINITY’S VISIONDFINITY’s vision is its new internet infrastructure can support a wide variety of end-user and enterprise applications. Social media, messaging, search, storage, and peer-to-peer Internet interactions are all examples of functionalities that DFINITY plans to host atop its public Web 3.0 cloud-like computing resource. In order to provide the transaction and data capacity necessary to support this ambitious vision, DFINITY features a unique consensus model (dubbed Threshold Relay) and algorithmic governance via its Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) — sometimes also referred to as the Network Nervous System or NNS.
1.2 DFINITY COMMUNITYThe DFINITY community brings people and organizations together to learn and collaborate on products that help steward the next-generation of internet software and services. The Internet Computer allows developers to take on the monopolization of the internet, and return the internet back to its free and open roots. We’re committed to connecting those who believe the same through our events, content, and discussions.
1.3 DFINITY ROADMAP (TIMELINE) February 15, 2017February 15, 2017
Ethereum based community seed round raises 4M Swiss francs (CHF)
The DFINITY Stiftung, a not-for-profit foundation entity based in Zug, Switzerland, raised the round. The foundation held $10M of assets as of April 2017.
February 8, 2018
Dfinity announces a $61M fundraising round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz
The round $61M round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz, along with an DFINITY Ecosystem Venture Fund which will be used to support projects developing on the DFINITY platform, and an Ethereum based raise in 2017 brings the total funding for the project over $100 million. This is the first cryptocurrency token that Andressen Horowitz has invested in, led by Chris Dixon.
Dfinity raises a $102,000,000 venture round from Multicoin Capital, Village Global, Aspect Ventures, Andreessen Horowitz, Polychain Capital, Scalar Capital, Amino Capital and SV Angel.
January 23, 2020
Dfinity launches an open source platform aimed at the social networking giants
2.DFINITY TECHNOLOGYDfinity is building what it calls the internet computer, a decentralized technology spread across a network of independent data centers that allows software to run anywhere on the internet rather than in server farms that are increasingly controlled by large firms, such as Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud. This week Dfinity is releasing its software to third-party developers, who it hopes will start making the internet computer’s killer apps. It is planning a public release later this year.
At its core, the DFINITY consensus mechanism is a variation of the Proof of Stake (PoS) model, but offers an alternative to traditional Proof of Work (PoW) and delegated PoS (dPoS) networks. Threshold Relay intends to strike a balance between inefficiencies of decentralized PoW blockchains (generally characterized by slow block times) and the less robust game theory involved in vote delegation (as seen in dPoS blockchains). In DFINITY, a committee of “miners” is randomly selected to add a new block to the chain. An individual miner’s probability of being elected to the committee proposing and computing the next block (or blocks) is proportional to the number of dfinities the miner has staked on the network. Further, a “weight” is attributed to a DFINITY chain based on the ranks of the miners who propose blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to choose between competing chains (i.e. resolve chain forks).
A decentralized random beacon manages the random selection process of temporary block producers. This beacon is a Variable Random Function (VRF), which is a pseudo-random function that provides publicly verifiable proofs of its outputs’ correctness. A core component of the random beacon is the use of Boneh-Lynn-Shacham (BLS) signatures. By leveraging the BLS signature scheme, the DFINITY protocol ensures no actor in the network can determine the outcome of the next random assignment.
Dfinity is introducing a new standard, which it calls the internet computer protocol (ICP). These new rules let developers move software around the internet as well as data. All software needs computers to run on, but with ICP the computers could be anywhere. Instead of running on a dedicated server in Google Cloud, for example, the software would have no fixed physical address, moving between servers owned by independent data centers around the world. “Conceptually, it’s kind of running everywhere,” says Dfinity engineering manager Stanley Jones.
DFINITY also features a native programming language, called ActorScript (name may be subject to change), and a virtual machine for smart contract creation and execution. The new smart contract language is intended to simplify the management of application state for programmers via an orthogonal persistence environment (which means active programs are
not required to retrieve or save their state). All ActorScript contracts are eventually compiled down to WebAssembly instructions so the DFINITY virtual machine layer can execute the logic of applications running on the network. The advantage of using the WebAssembly standard is that all major browsers support it and a variety of programming languages can compile down to Wasm (not just ActorScript).
Dfinity is moving fast. Recently, Dfinity showed off a TikTok clone called CanCan. In January it demoed a LinkedIn-alike called LinkedUp. Neither app is being made public, but they make a convincing case that apps made for the internet computer can rival the real things.
2.1 DFINITY CORE APPLICATIONSThe DFINITY cloud has two core applications:
Whilst conceptually similar to Ethereum, DFINITY employs original and new cryptography methods and protocols (crypto:3) at the network level, in concert with AI and network-fuelled systemic governance (Blockchain Nervous System — BNS) to facilitate Corporate adoption.
DFINITY recognises that different users value different properties and sees itself as more of a fully compatible extension of the Ethereum ecosystem rather than a competitor of the Ethereum network.
In the future, DFINITY hopes that much of their “new crypto might be used within the Ethereum network and are also working hard on shared technology components.”
As the DFINITY project develops over time, the DFINITY Stiftung foundation intends to steadily increase the BNS’ decision-making responsibilities over time, eventually resulting in the dissolution of its own involvement entirely, once the BNS is sufficiently sophisticated.
DFINITY consensus mechanism is a heavily optimized proof of stake (PoS) model. It places a strong emphasis on transaction finality through implementing a Threshold Relay technique in conjunction with the BLS signature scheme and a notarization method to address many of the problems associated with PoS consensus.
2.2 THRESHOLD RELAYAs a public cloud computing resource, DFINITY targets business applications by substantially reducing cloud computing costs for IT systems. They aim to achieve this with a highly scalable and powerful network with potentially unlimited capacity. The DFINITY platform is chalk full of innovative designs and features like their Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) for algorithmic governance.
One of the primary components of the platform is its novel Threshold Relay Consensus model from which randomness is produced, driving the other systems that the network depends on to operate effectively. The consensus system was first designed for a permissioned participation model but can be paired with any method of Sybil resistance for an open participation model.
“The Threshold Relay is the mechanism by which Dfinity randomly samples replicas into groups, sets the groups (committees) up for threshold operation, chooses the current committee, and relays from one committee to the next is called the threshold relay.”
Threshold Relay consists of four layers (As mentioned previously):
2.2.1 HOW DOES THRESHOLD RELAY WORK?Threshold Relay produces an endogenous random beacon, and each new value defines random group(s) of clients that may independently try and form into a “threshold group”. The composition of each group is entirely random such that they can intersect and clients can be presented in multiple groups. In DFINITY, each group is comprised of 400 members. When a group is defined, the members attempt to set up a BLS threshold signature system using a distributed key generation protocol. If they are successful within some fixed number of blocks, they then register the public key (“identity”) created for their group on the global blockchain using a special transaction, such that it will become part of the set of active groups in a following “epoch”. The network begins at “genesis” with some number of predefined groups, one of which is nominated to create a signature on some default value. Such signatures are random values — if they were not then the group’s signatures on messages would be predictable and the threshold signature system insecure — and each random value produced thus is used to select a random successor group. This next group then signs the previous random value to produce a new random value and select another group, relaying between groups ad infinitum and producing a sequence of random values.
In a cryptographic threshold signature system a group can produce a signature on a message upon the cooperation of some minimum threshold of its members, which is set to 51% in the DFINITY network. To produce the threshold signature, group members sign the message
individually (here the preceding group’s threshold signature) creating individual “signature shares” that are then broadcast to other group members. The group threshold signature can be constructed upon combination of a sufficient threshold of signature shares. So for example, if the group size is 400, if the threshold is set at 201 any client that collects that many shares will be able to construct the group’s signature on the message. Other group members can validate each signature share, and any client using the group’s public key can validate the single group threshold signature produced by combining them. The magic of the BLS scheme is that it is “unique and deterministic” meaning that from whatever subset of group members the required number of signature shares are collected, the single threshold signature created is always the same and only a single correct value is possible.
Consequently, the sequence of random values produced is entirely deterministic and unmanipulable, and signatures generated by relaying between groups produces a Verifiable Random Function, or VRF. Although the sequence of random values is pre-determined given some set of participating groups, each new random value can only be produced upon the minimal agreement of a threshold of the current group. Conversely, in order for relaying to stall because a random number was not produced, the number of correct processes must be below the threshold. Thresholds are configured so that this is extremely unlikely. For example, if the group size is set to 400, and the threshold is 201, 200 or more of the processes must become faulty to prevent production. If there are 10,000 processes in the network, of which 3,000 are faulty, the probability this will occur is less than 10e-17.
2.3 DFINITY TOKENThe DFINITY blockchain also supports a native token, called dfinities (DFN), which perform multiple roles within the network, including:
Neuron operators can earn Dfinities by participating in network-wide votes, which could be concerning protocol upgrades, a new economic policy, etc. DFN rewards for participating in the governance system are proportional to the number of tokens staked inside a neuron.
2.4 SCALABILITYDFINITY is constantly developing with a structure that separates consensus, validation, and storage into separate layers. The storage layer is divided into multiple strings, each of which is responsible for processing transactions that occur in the fragment state. The verification layer is responsible for combining hashes of all fragments in a Merkle-like structure that results in a global state fractionation that is stored in blocks in the top-level chain.
2.5 DFINITY CONSENSUS ALGORITHMThe single most important aspect of the user experience is certainly the time required before a transaction becomes final. This is not solved by a short block time alone — Dfinity’s team also had to reduce the number of confirmations required to a small constant. DFINITY moreover had to provide a provably secure proof-of-stake algorithm that scales to millions of active participants without compromising any bit on decentralization.
Dfinity soon realized that the key to scalability lay in having an unmanipulable source of randomness available. Hence they built a scalable decentralized random beacon, based on what they call the Threshold Relay technique, right into the foundation of the protocol. This strong foundation drives a scalable and fast consensus layer: On top of the beacon runs a blockchain which utilizes notarization by threshold groups to achieve near-instant finality. Details can be found in the overview paper that we are releasing today.
The roots of the DFINITY consensus mechanism date back to 2014 when thair Chief Scientist, Dominic Williams, started to look for more efficient ways to drive large consensus networks. Since then, much research has gone into the protocol and it took several iterations to reach its current design.
For any practical consensus system the difficulty lies in navigating the tight terrain that one is given between the boundaries imposed by theoretical impossibility-results and practical performance limitations.
The first key milestone was the novel Threshold Relay technique for decentralized, deterministic randomness, which is made possible by certain unique characteristics of the BLS signature system. The next breakthrough was the notarization technique, which allows DFINITY consensus to solve the traditional problems that come with proof-of-stake systems. Getting the security proofs sound was the final step before publication.
DFINITY consensus has made the proper trade-offs between the practical side (realistic threat models and security assumptions) and the theoretical side (provable security). Out came a flexible, tunable algorithm, which we expect will establish itself as the best performing proof-of-stake algorithm. In particular, having the built-in random beacon will prove to be indispensable when building out sharding and scalable validation techniques.
2.6 LINKEDUPThe startup has rather cheekily called this “an open version of LinkedIn,” the Microsoft-owned social network for professionals. Unlike LinkedIn, LinkedUp, which runs on any browser, is not owned or controlled by a corporate entity.
LinkedUp is built on Dfinity’s so-called Internet Computer, its name for the platform it is building to distribute the next generation of software and open internet services.
The software is hosted directly on the internet on a Switzerland-based independent data center, but in the concept of the Internet Computer, it could be hosted at your house or mine. The compute power to run the application LinkedUp, in this case — is coming not from Amazon AWS, Google Cloud or Microsoft Azure, but is instead based on the distributed architecture that Dfinity is building.
Specifically, Dfinity notes that when enterprises and developers run their web apps and enterprise systems on the Internet Computer, the content is decentralized across a minimum of four or a maximum of an unlimited number of nodes in Dfinity’s global network of independent data centers.
Dfinity is an open source for LinkedUp to developers for creating other types of open internet services on the architecture it has built.
“Open Social Network for Professional Profiles” suggests that on Dfinity model one can create “Open WhatsApp”, “Open eBay”, “Open Salesforce” or “Open Facebook”.
The tools include a Canister Software Developer Kit and a simple programming language called Motoko that is optimized for Dfinity’s Internet Computer.
“The Internet Computer is conceived as an alternative to the $3.8 trillion legacy IT stack, and empowers the next generation of developers to build a new breed of tamper-proof enterprise software systems and open internet services. We are democratizing software development,” Williams said. “The Bronze release of the Internet Computer provides developers and enterprises a glimpse into the infinite possibilities of building on the Internet Computer — which also reflects the strength of the Dfinity team we have built so far.”
Dfinity says its “Internet Computer Protocol” allows for a new type of software called autonomous software, which can guarantee permanent APIs that cannot be revoked. When all these open internet services (e.g. open versions of WhatsApp, Facebook, eBay, Salesforce, etc.) are combined with other open software and services it creates “mutual network effects” where everyone benefits.
On 1 November, DFINITY has released 13 new public versions of the SDK, to our second major milestone [at WEF Davos] of demoing a decentralized web app called LinkedUp on the Internet Computer. Subsequent milestones towards the public launch of the Internet Computer will involve:
2.7 WHAT IS MOTOKO?Motoko is a new software language being developed by the DFINITY Foundation, with an accompanying SDK, that is designed to help the broadest possible audience of developers create reliable and maintainable websites, enterprise systems and internet services on the Internet Computer with ease. By developing the Motoko language, the DFINITY Foundation will ensure that a language that is highly optimized for the new environment is available. However, the Internet Computer can support any number of different software frameworks, and the DFINITY Foundation is also working on SDKs that support the Rust and C languages. Eventually, it is expected there will be many different SDKs that target the Internet Computer.
submitted by AureiCom to u/AureiCom [link] [comments]
Investing in gold, Bitcoin or Aurei? That’s the question!
In 2020, it may seem difficult to know where to put your head when it comes to investments. While some portfolio managers only preach about traditional financial products, some investors are more interested in gold, Bitcoin (BTC) and crypto-currencies such as Aurei (ARE). Gold, Bitcoin and Aurei (ARE) are clearly very different assets. So, which one should you choose to invest your money in?
Gold: a raw material that has survived the test of time
Gold, since the dawn of time, has been used as a safe haven. In addition to being used to make jewellery and other ornaments, it is used for its conductive properties in certain electronic devices. But when it comes to finance, gold has a very special quality: its price is often inversely correlated to that of more speculative financial markets — such as the S&P500.
Here’s an example: Gold recorded gains of more than 175% between October 20, 2008 and September 12, 2011. The period was characterized by strong geopolitical uncertainty. The United States was being hit hard by the subprime crisis and Greece’s public debt threatened Europe’s economic stability. In this context, investors preferred to bet on gold.
While investors unfortunately cannot predict market fluctuations, it is at least relevant for them to keep themselves informed about the different methods of buying gold. Because it is perhaps useless to remind them of this, but the price of this precious metal, despite its stable nature, is also subject to price variations.
Bitcoin: the first virtual currency
Bitcoin was on everyone’s lips after hitting the $20,000 mark in December 2017. The speculative frenzy then subsided, and the law of gravity drove its price down to $3,200 in December 2018. The virtual currency has since recovered, with each BTC now trading at around $10 000. But is it attracting as much interest from investors? Part of the answer lies in one of its main characteristics: It’s immutability.
Bitcoin is the first application of the flagship innovation of recent years: blockchain technology. This technology makes it possible to certify that a transaction has indeed taken place, without any party having to authenticate it. This feature avoids manipulation of the information by a third party, as it allows the seller and the buyer to ensure that their exchange reflects the agreed value.
Finally, the maximum number of Bitcoins that can be created is limited to 21 million units. Due to scarcity, this cap theoretically means that the value of the BTC will increase as long as there are people interested in buying it. While the BTC has not yet been through a major recession, its properties make it a very practical tool in a world where international business is king.
Aurei Crypto :
Bitcoin and Blockchain have been used to create a lot of crypto-currencies. Aurei is one of the most serious projects that have been developed with unique features:
Neither the financial sponsor, nor the developers will ever benefit from the 50,000 AUREI initially created. The balance of the 50,000 ARE stays in the AUREI Association and will be burnt as a gift to the AUREI crypto community, when the AUREI Association will end (as written in the white paper),
The developers will be incentivized for the first time when and only when the price of Aurei token (ARE) has roughly doubled from its original price (16,000 $ being the first level to reach).
It means that developers will only be rewarded if investors reap significant profits, which is a sign of commitment and trust from the founders of the token, and to the investors’ benefit.
The price function in the monetary creation
AUREI has been specially designed for the benefits of the investors by proposing a process of monetary creation not based on time but on its own value. New units are generated by a smart contract on the Ethereum blockchain, with the minting process, only when AUREI (ARE) reaches predetermined value levels (cf. white paper)
Thus, the only way any minting process will happen is when the price goes up. Cherry on the cake, a controlled dilution safegard is provided by AUREI.
Aurei is indeed the crypto designed in the most profitable way for its investors in all its concepts.
A system developed on Ethereum using transparent smart contracts managing the issue of new tokens.
An association at the base of the project registered in the safest country in terms of finance: Switzerland
And a unique way to benefit investors
Aurei claims to be the cutting edge of the new finance technologist.
Are Aurei and Bitcoin the new safe-havens asset ?
You can buy Bitcoin and Aurei very easily on Liquid exchange or P2pB2b.
Learn more about Aurei
Join the Aurei CommunityTwitter : @ AureiCommunity
Instagram : @ aureicrypto
Telegram : https://t.me/aureicommunity
Where can I find Aurei (ARE) and Bitcoin (BTC) ?You can buy and trade Bitcoin and Aurei on Liquid.com, the world’s most comprehensive and secure trading platform
submitted by ariancoin to u/ariancoin [link] [comments]
We will take a tour of the history of Arian’s Blockchain, going back to its beginnings, vision, objectives, and achievements to date.
At the beginning of 2017, the Arian project’s development team and the first members of the Decentralized Governance Committee held working meetings to study the market carefully from the user’s point of view and where the world of cryptocurrencies was heading.
The first mining attempts were in blockchains such as cryptonight and bitcoin, which work with the Proof of Work protocol, which leads to the centralization of mining power in the hands of a few companies.
Arian’s developers understand that the crypto world’s future, as well as in technology in general, does not consist of giving complete autonomy to machines or devices. Artificial Intelligence can not guarantee irreplaceable human elements such as perception, manipulation, creativity, reasoning, resilience, and learning for the correct, sustainable, and productive performance. So after extracting the best features of PoW and PoP, the Proof of Achievement was created: a blockchain consensus protocol based on the symbiosis between humans and machines for the block validation process.
This proposal works through a miner’s interaction with a device to achieve validation of Blockchain’s block. Which means with PoAch protocol, the ability and capacity of the user is more important than the device you use to mine. The future belongs to a combination of Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence.
First PoAch use case: Find the Hashhttps://preview.redd.it/calx2sgpxy251.jpg?width=895&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=4907739a5b4a5049657ada86f4d9d187c828eb3f
In 2019 the Arian team developed a blockchain video game called Find the Hash, becoming the first official application of their new PoAch protocol. The challenge is to pilot a ship and gather 64 fragments or bytes in a maximum of three minutes competing with other participants; this achievement allows to mine the native cryptocurrency Ariancoin. The winner is confirmed by the game and nodes, allowing the block to be part of the Blockchain. Those who get the reward are called G-MINERS.
Hash Race, find the hash’s optimizationhttps://preview.redd.it/dl7k2n5xxy251.jpg?width=1600&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=eb0bc8402c0a9f7eafe61846930e4321b032ba3b
Find the hash turned out to be a successful blockchain game for the miners. The community around it generated feedback that was taken into account to proceed with the implementation and launch of a new optimized version: Hash Race.
In the alpha test version, many users and G-MINERS recognized the new improvements, including a unique process that enabled us to find a new concept of democratic crypto mining.
G-Miners will have a “state” in the process, which can be: activated or inactivated. All participants who start playing will play in the active state until they do their first mining, at which time the “state” will change to inactivated and be activated again in a specific time. For that reason, this will prevent players with higher skills to hog all the mining, and make way for new players, preserving the concept of decentralization in Arian Blockchain in all its features.
Also, the game is incorporating a virtual store with products and tools to purchase with Ariancoin in the HASH RACE Blockchain Game. It will allow you to mine more efficiently and boost the value of the native crypto-currency ARIAN, contributing to the creation of a commercial ecosystem within the game.
Technical improvements to Arian’s Blockchainhttps://preview.redd.it/embiia46yy251.png?width=896&format=png&auto=webp&s=e0921e78dba3e4c90bb568755a9d8a7e5c1ed944
To project the crypto asset and its ecosystem towards a massive adoption, we made many optimizations. Therefore the current Arian’s Blockchain is the result of some tesnet versions that helped to improve and reach the final objective.
The Blockchain went from 250 million ARIAN to 150 million, with 50% of a pre-mined reserve (75 million ARIAN) used for payments offered to its early adopter’s community. It removed the well-known halving process, and a protocol called “netplay rewards” was included: a reward system for all G-MINERS to obtain Ariancoins for mining reward of the gamers team up to 3 levels deep of recommendation.
When a reward winner can not establish in the chain’s block, it will be awarded randomly among the community whenever there is a node connected even if it is not playing in a tournament.
All transactions in Arian’s Blockchain will record, so the mining data, transfers between users and benefits of the club as commissions, agile Staking, direct sales, and binary payment mode you will be able to view in the explorer of Arian’s website.
For more information visit us at https://ariancoin.io/blackpape
ARIAN CLUB / Usability — Community — Adoptionhttps://preview.redd.it/a7mrvd8eyy251.png?width=896&format=png&auto=webp&s=565381f78d3560a927806f6107fe91317d736d08
The Arian Blockchain fulfilled the strategic alliance with Arian Club, a decentralized club through which early adopters will enjoy financial advantages to promote the use and adoption of the native cryptocurrency Ariancoin as a means of exchange and usability in the community.
Arian Blockchain has many advantages, such as the possibility of Ariancoin’s crypto mining from any device with an Internet connection. Thus, the protocol outline to be the most suitable and profitable for the so-called “smart device” or “Internet of things.”
This strategic alliance has led to a significant increase in downloads, activation of nodes, interaction with the Arian Interactive Node, and a progressive increase in the price of the currency.
For more information visit the following link: https://club.ariancoin.io/
Agile Staking, a new profitable form of “Holdinghttps://preview.redd.it/31pcn48myy251.jpg?width=896&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6d3b15acfa51b3943efed5f863cc064b141a7c94
The Agile Staking is a capitalization system of the Arian Blockchain protocol. It optimizes the best features of the Proof of Stake Algorithm, and consolidates Arian as a unique hybrid system in the blockchain market. It works with an algorithm that allows the creation of incentives to Ariane’s holders, establishing a shared responsibility with the user to guarantee the security of the network through a daily connectivity of the node to the system.
These incentives will only be available for a limited time until the pre-mining reserve be spend.
Our methodology ensures a more diversified distribution of this crypto asset holders.
Welcome to the exciting (and sometimes confusing) world of virtual currency. Alternative cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, have revolutionized the way we think about money ever since Bitcoin lead the way for the first wave of cryptocurrencies.submitted by Tokenberry to NewbieZone [link] [comments]
At one point, Bitcoin was the only cryptocurrency around, and now, there are thousands. Bitcoin has become the leader that other altcoins follow and remains the most widely accepted virtual currency to date. Whether you are a financial wizard or average person, anyone can join the cryptocurrency game.
The key to understanding and exceling at cryptocurrency is knowledge. Each of the following cryptocurrencies attempt to improve on existing technological solutions. Cryptocurrencies can fulfill many functions, and they aim to work on issues ranging from storing medical data to providing anonymous financial transactions. Many provide a decentralized network allowing efficient anonymous transactions, and in addition, there are Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) that can help ensure security.
What are Cryptocurrencies?
A cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency that comes as a “coin” or “token”. They are largely intangible and were originally designed to be free of a central regulatory authority, like a bank or government agency. At first, it was criticized by the traditional finance industry, but now many are embracing blockchain technology.
Cryptography uses mathematical equations to ensure that the tokens are securely created, stored, and transferred. Anonymity and decentralization are the key components to most cryptocurrencies, and this is why the cryptocurrency world continues to grow in popularity.
Types of Altcoins:Bcash (BCH)
Bcash originated out of an early hard fork of bitcoin. A fork is when developers and miners of a cryptocurrency disagree on the cryptocurrency’s mining and transaction process, and when this occurs, the currency “splits”. Some developers and investors will choose to follow the original code while others will support the currency’s new “update”. As a result of such a fork, Bcash launched in 2017.
BCH was created to increase the scalability of Bitcoin from one megabyte to eight megabytes which allows for larger transactions. It also removed the Segregated Witness protocol that is used in Bitcoin, which limited the block space available for transactions.
Founded in 2015, Ethereum is one of the giants that followed Bitcoin. Ethereum is a decentralized platform that allows you to execute smart contracts and build applications, and you can essentially build other cryptocurrencies off the Ethereum platform. Its token is known as ether, and ether is used by other developers to run their own applications or as a token to buy other cryptocurrencies.
In 2014, Ethereum had its first official presale. This was essentially the first initial coin offering (ICO), and these are now a popular source of funding within the industry. After 2016, Ethereum was split into Ethereum (ETH) and Ethereum Classic (ETC), and it is still one of the most valuable coins on the crypto-market space.
Launched in 2016, Zcash is based on a decentralized and open-sourced platform. Zcash prides itself on its ability to ensure privacy and transparency during each of its transactions, and it claims it is the “https” of the crypto world. Essentially, it is added privacy to already pre-existing crypto-transactions.
They even offer an added feature of “shielded” transactions, which allow for further crypto-security. Zcash developers came up with an innovation called zk-SNARK, and this revolutionized the way cryptography is used to secure crypto transactions.
Dash is a more private form of bitcoin and comes with features like DarkSend and InstantX that provide added support to protect anonymous transactions. It was originally known as Darkcoin and was renamed Dash in 2015.
Dash allows you to make nearly untraceable transactions. It offers stronger anonymity than most cryptocurrencies and is based on a decentralized network. Founded in 2014, it was founded by Evan Duffield and quickly gained popularity among crypto-enthusiasts and investors. It differs from other coins in that it can be mined with either a GPU or CPU.
Founded in 2012, Ripple aims to work as a global network of low-cost payment transactions. XRP works to allow banks and individuals to make international payments at low costs while ensuring a high level of transparency. You cannot mine ripple which helps reduces latency issues.
It also decreases the need for high computing strength that some other coins need for mining. Many popular banks have already adapted Ripple technology for cross-border payments because it is the most popular cryptocurrency for traditional investors. Traditional investors understand ripple’s utility as an efficient method of cross-border transactions.
Originally known as Antshares, Neo was founded in 2014. Called the “Chinese Ethereum”, it is the largest Chinese cryptocurrency. It utilizes smart contracts in a similar way to ETH. Neo owes much of its success to its ability to support multiple programming languages on its platform.
Launched in June 2018, EOS is one of the newer currencies, and it was created by a well-known mind in the blockchain world, Dan Larimer. Before starting EOS, Larimer started and popularized Steemit which is a popular social media site that was founded on blockchain technology.
EOS is founded on the same platform as Ethereum. During their ICO, EOS was able to generate close to $4 billion in funding, which is one of the highest recorded. Its proof-of-stake system aims to provide more scalability than other currencies. Also, EOS differs in that there is no mining. To replace the need for miners, block producers are rewarded in tokens depending on their rate of production.
In 2017, Cardano was founded by a co-founder of Ethereum. Carles Hoskinson hoped to combine the benefits of Ethereum as well as fulfill several other functions. ADA looks to solve the issues that come with other digital tokens by focusing on interoperability. They also hope to solve problems of scale. ADA has the ability to make financial transactions in mere seconds, when before it could take days, and this is an added benefit to those in the cryptocurrency industry.
Designed to be an anonymous currency, XMR is focused on security and privacy. It was one of the older altcoins to become fully established after being founded in 2014. Unlike other virtual currencies, monero’s funding is completely dependent on grassroots community funding. XMR utilizes a rather unique technique known as “ring signatures”.
With ring signatures, transactions using XMR have added anonymity. A group of cryptographic signatures will appear with each transaction, but only one of which is the “real” one. They all seem as if they were completely valid, which provides more security, and for people seeking private transactions, this is a draw to use the form of XMR for cryptocurrency.
One of the more well-known altcoins, Litecoin has been around since its founding in 2011. Its founder, Charlie Lee, formerly worked as a Google engineer and is a well-respected figure in the blockchain-sphere. LTC is open-source and utilizes scrypt as proof-of-work.
Litecoin is very similar to Bitcoin but works much faster, and it can generate blocks quicker and can confirm transactions at a higher rate. Litecoin has been adopted and endorsed by banking companies around the world because of the benefits it offers to users.
Original Blog Post Link: https://torguard.net/blog/a-cryptocurrency-beginners-guide-to-altcoins/
Money > Spend & Save Bitcoin: Is the virtual currency the new gold standard? The virtual currency has been making waves since 2009, but the financial crisis in Cyprus has seen people rushing to ... Defining it as a special “virtual commodity,” the notice said that Bitcoin is not a currency and should not be circulated and used in the market as a currency. Banks and payment institutions in China are prohibited from dealing with bitcoins and from using it to price goods and services. The notice also required strengthening the oversight of websites providing bitcoin registration ... Virtual Commodity, Nonpolitical Currency. According to Back, the final attribute of Bitcoin that makes it useful is that it’s a virtual commodity and a nonpolitical currency, much like gold in ... 1. What are bitcoins and what makes them a very special form of digital currency. Bitcoins are digital units of currency that one can use, on the Internet, to purchase (a limited number of) goods and services. The digital nature of bitcoin is not what makes it novel and unique. There are, indeed, a large array of digital currencies, including ... Background of BitCoin. Currency, or money in general, is typically defined as having three main functions: a medium of exchange, a unit of account, and a store of value (Mankiw 2007).Among different types of currencies, virtual currencies are clearly distinguished from fiat currencies (i.e. “real currency,” “real money,” “national currency”, or “standard currency”), which is in ...
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